To understand the involvement of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in maize cultivation, one must first understand the role of these two essential nutrients in plant growth.
Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) are the two main macronutrients needed for normal plant growth, development and performance.
They are therefore essential nutrients for maize production, as they are required for the formation of starches, proteins and sugars that are the building blocks of maize kernels.
Nitrogen is also important for many other aspects of growth, including the development of the green parts of plants such as leaves, stems and husks.
It also contributes to protein quality, increases yields and improves kernel size and weight.
In addition, it has a beneficial effect on root systems, photosynthesis and plant health and improves soil water content and water retention capacity.
Phosphorus is another important nutrient for maize growth and yield.
It contributes to the development of stems, roots and leaves, and also contributes to kernel formation and crop yield.
It is involved in energy conversion, regulating phosphorus-containing enzymes and metabolic processes.
It also helps in the proper regulation of the absorption of other essential macronutrients and positively affects the absorption of potassium and zinc.
Application of fertilizer in maize
To maximise the fertility of maize-growing soils, both nitrogen and phosphorus must be accurately measured, controlled and well managed.
This can be achieved through soil sampling and analysis.
In addition, it is important to monitor overall soil fertility, as nitrogen and phosphorus deficiencies can significantly reduce crop yields.
Fertilizer management should include soil testing, appropriate application of nutrients and timely spreading of fertilisers.
How to fertilize maize, how much and what application rate of fertilizer per hectare it needs, what is the best foliar fertilizer, etc. If you have any doubts, at
GRUPO we are at your disposal to recommend the products that best suit the needs of your crop and to answer any questions that you may have.
Please contact us, and we will be happy to discuss it with you!